Learning Resources

Introduction to the Holocaust

Definition the Holocaust

Several Holocaust institutions and organizations have developed definitions of the Holocaust. Below is a sample of these definitions:

From the Dallas Holocaust Museum:
The Holocaust was the deliberate and calculated murder of approximately 6 million European Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators between 1933 and 1945. It is part of the Nazi effort to destroy the world's Jews. The Jews were the only group the Nazi's sought to destroy entirely. However, they also persecuted others, including political opponents, Roma, Germans with mental or physical disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Poles and Soviet prisoners of war. Under the cover of war, Nazi Germany left countless lives shattered and murdered approximately 11 million people.

From the United States Holocaust Museum:
Between 1933 and 1945, Germany’s government, led by Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist (Nazi) Party, carried out a deliberate, calculated attack on European Jewry. Basing their actions on anti-Semitic ideology and using World War II as a primary means to achieve their goals, they targeted Jews as their main enemy, killing six million Jewish men, women, and children by the time the war ended in 1945. This act of genocide is now known as the Holocaust. As part of their wide-reaching efforts to remove from German territory many other groups as well, including political opponents, Roma (also known as Gypsies), Germans with mental and physical disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Poles, and Soviet prisoners of war. In the course of state-sponsored tyranny, the Nazis left countless lives shattered and millions dead.
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History of the Holocaust

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. “Holocaust” is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Aryan Germans were superior and that the Jews, deemed inferior, were a “racial threat” to the German people. During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other…
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Frequently Asked Questions About the Holocaust

When speaking about the “Holocaust,” what time period are we referring to?

Answer: The “Holocaust” refers to the period from January 30, 1933, when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, to May 8, 1945 (V-E Day), the end of the war in Europe.

How many Jews were murdered during the Holocaust?

Answer: While it is impossible to ascertain the exact number of Jewish victims, statistics indicate that the total was in excess of 5.5 million and 6 million is the round figure accepted by most authorities.
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For Students

Guest Lectures

Some Guest Lectures may be appropriate to students. Lecturers speak on a variety of topics related to the study of the Holocaust, the promotion of tolerance and learning more about genocides. Lectures are listed on the event calendar online as well as publicized in the local media. Questions can be directed to
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